What is trekking?
Trekking is a journey where someone can explore less familiar trails. If that is a trip for a single day, it is called hiking. On the contrary, if it is a multi-day affair, it is called trekking. Trekking is the journey to explore different country and culture. Whether it is a beach or the mountain, trekking is the exploration on the less-traveled path.
What do I need to carry?
In the trekking, you are accompanied by the backpack. In other words, it is the only buddy while you are on your own. The backpack contains the necessary items you require every day. After all trekking days can differ as per your trail. Therefore, you have to pack your backpack with clothes, gears, foods, etc. accordingly. In fact, in mountain trekking for multi-days, you have to carry a tent and fuel for camping. In that case, you may have to hire porter or mule for the same.
Should I be concerned about the altitude?
Of course, you have to be careful about the altitude. Mostly, in trekking in the mountain, we are not familiar to gain such altitude. Naturally, our body is not habituated to be accustomed. Generally, the human body needs time to acclimatize after every 1000 ft altitude gain. According to that, we have to acclimatize our body with the altitude. With this in mind, we can escape altitude mountain sickness.
What is our food on trek?
In a trek, mostly we are dependent on dry fruits, rice, and vegetables. We have to rely on the local diet. Although there may be non-veg dishes provided by the agency at high altitude, it is preferred to eat vegetables. At high altitude, it becomes difficult to digest too much protein. We have the water source from the fountain. Still, it is advisable to use a filtered bottle for the drinking water as there are many micro-particles in the fountain water. Breakfast items include coffee, tea, cereal, toast, egg, etc. All the meals should be cooked appropriately and boiled by the staffs. You need to drink plenty of water in the trek to avoid dehydration. Alcohol is not permissible at high altitude treks.
What is the accommodation on a trek?
There are two types of trek – single day and multiple days. In single day trek, you don’t need accommodation, but for the multi-day trek, you need to stay in the journey. The trek starts from a small town or a village which is called base camp. In the base camp, you can stay in the motel or small hotel or home stay. After you have started the trek, you have to camp in the mountain. Naturally, you have to take all arrangement of camping. Either your agency provides you, or you can take in rent all the items for accommodation. Generally, people stay in the sharing tent in the trek. For cooking, sometimes a kitchen tent is required. If you want to stay single in a tent, you may have to pay extra for the tent.
How to get fit for the trek?
You don’t need to a super athletic performer for a trek. Trekking demands your basic fitness and your cardio performance. Therefore, perform more cardio exercise before trekking. Along with that, you can also do some stretching, push up, pull up and other free hand exercises to make your body flexible. For cardio, you must do the walking and running. Sometimes you can do a variation with weight running and stair climbing for pumping more. Do some shoulder exercise and leg muscle building work-out.
Do I need special gear or clothing?
For the non-technical trek, you don’t need any gear. On other hands, in semi-technical treks, you need few gears like micro-spikes, gaiters or rope. If you are hiring an agency for the trek, they will provide you with the necessary items. For clothing, you need full trousers and t-shirt and most importantly a good pair of trekking shoe. You need a good sleeping bag at night when the temperature goes down. For more details – read how to pack for the trek.
Do I need a guide?
In the Himalayan trek, the guide is mandated. If you are going through an agency, they will provide you guide and requirements for the trek. Apart from the guide, you need a porter and the cook for preparing food during the journey. With the agency, everything is included in the package. Before you pay an agency, you have to ask them the necessary information and the support for the trek. If you are arranging on your own, you have to hire a local guide and take other equipment on rent. But don’t worry, when you hire a local guide, he will advise you where to rent all the necessities.