Trekking in Indian Himalaya is the dream of all backpackers all over the world. The mighty Trekking in Indian Himalayas with its mesmerizing scenic sculpture and wildlife is itself a different realm of wonder altogether. All the adventure lovers, hiking and trekking enthusiasts swarm from all over the world for Himalaya hiking trips. Famous mountain ranges tour like the Everest base camp trekking, Annapurna circuit trek, Rupin pass trek, Rupkund trek and many more have become a magnetic center for all trekkers and hikers. All the Globetrotters and climbers all around the world are enchanted with the thrill of an adventure of the Himalaya mountain trekking. The tours of trekking and climbing in the Indian Himalaya can be covered from every part of the Himalayan range – Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh.
The Himalaya mountain trekking experience in Uttarakhand has its own essence. The rugged terrain and scenic landscape at Garwhal in Uttarakhand challenge the trekkers with the endurance and performance at the high altitude. The green wilderness and snow-capped glaciers in the Himalayan adventure trekking beacon the hikers to put their best effort to experience the divine beauty.Click Here to Read More
The experience turns to be spiritual with the famous Himalaya hiking trips like – Chandrasila trek, Har-ki-dun trek, Rupin pass trek, etc. Similarly, Kumaon range in Uttarakhand has its own charm. The pristine beauty of Kumaon with the contrasting landscape of alpine forest and sky create a divine appeal to the trekkers. The scenic trail, surrounded by lush vegetation of alpine forest including pine, oak trees charm your sensation to beauty to another dimension. Appealing trails like Panchchuli base camp trek or Pindari glacier trek are undoubtedly challenging, but the effort is rewarding.
Adventure souls find the solace in the rugged and harsh terrain of Ladakh. The topography of Ladakh is an invitation for the adrenaline rush activities in the valleys and glaciers. Ladakh trekking experience is enriched enough as hiking Himalayas treks & expedition with its Buddist culture. This spiritual world of Buddist culture adds another flavor in the Himalayan adventure trekking experience. Nubra valley and Markha Valley in Ladakh are the points of attraction for the trekkers and backpackers for the untouched wildlife and picturesque landscape.
The Himalayan range in Sikkim has its own rustic flavor and fantastic landscape. Sky-kissing mountain tops with snow blanket begin your day with boiling energy. The broad landscape is skirted with alpine forest appease your aesthetic sense. Trekking in Indian Himalaya in the midst of serene trails with the multitude of flora and fauna enrich your bond with the mighty nature. Singalila ridge or Falut and Sandakphu are always in the wishlist of the backpackers.
Himachal Pradesh is also a paradise for the Himalayan adventure trekking communities. Vibrant, colorful flowers and wide-spread valleys in the Himalayan range soothe the body and soul with the serene nature god. Lovely alpine forests and snow-capped mountain peaks are the catalysts to arise the adventure spirit among the trekkers and backpackers.
Nepal Himalaya trekking tours is also a point of attraction from the trekkers all over the world. The rustic charm of homestay and Nepalese food flavor add another value in Nepal trekking. Everest base camp trekking, Annapurna Base camp trekking, Annapurna circuit treks internationally claim its fame with unmatched Himalayan trekking experience.
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Trekking is an adventure sports activity which includes several days walking on the mountain terrain. It is a combination of walking and hiking. Sometimes, a trekker must take the help of a few technical trekking gears while climbing. It entirely depends on the trail. It is a journey enjoying the scenery, wildlife and natural beauty. The trekking is mainly two types – mountain trekking (ex. Himalaya trekking) and coastal trekking. In the later one, you have to walk through the beach and familiar with flora and fauna all across your journey. Mountain trekking is more popular as it is portrayed with the gorgeous trails including villages, alpine trails, river, fountain, and snow-capped peak. You can trek anywhere but people generally prefer the famous mountain trails for the scenic beauty. For example, the Himalayan range in Asia or the Andes in Europe is the famous trekking destination.
Types of Trekking
There are mainly four types of trekking. As per the grade of difficulty, they are segregated. The four types are –
- Moderate to Strenuous
The categorization has been made as per the height and the gradient of the trail.
- Easy: For easy treks, you don’t need to have prior experience. You only need to be fit and enjoy walking on the hills. There are the reasonable ascent and decent on the trails. Generally, you may have to walk 3 to 4 hours per day. Sometimes, you may have the buffer day for rest. Easy treks can be depicted as low altitude treks. Even with the average fitness, you can enjoy an easy trek.
- Moderate – In moderate trek, you don’t need to have prior experience of trekking, but you have to be physically fit. As moderate treks are a step ahead than easy treks, you must have been little more enthusiastic about it. So people who work out regularly, even for 15 to 20 minutes have the advantage for the moderate grade treks. Generally, you have to walk 6 to 8 hours a day. With your daily habit of walking or jogging, you can easily attain the moderate trek.
- Moderate to Strenuous – Moderate to strenuous treks demand comparatively better fitness. In a day, you may have to walk 6 to 8 hours and the trail may have sharp ascent or narrow. Sometimes, these trails belong to high altitude. So you may experience cold weather or rain. These areas are secluded from the populated habitat. So you may have to camp in the desolated places in the midst of nature. People who are working out regularly especially cardio, seems to be fine in this trek.
- Strenuous – For this level of the trek, fitness is necessary. The strenuous treks require your daily 30 minute cardio for better performance. These treks are mostly high altitude treks. Adverse weather condition is expected in the remote areas of the mountain. Generally, you have to walk 6 to 8 hours a day, but the trail is conditioned with various types of terrains which require absolute physical fitness. Prior experience is necessary for the strenuous treks.
- Challenging – Challenging treks are for them who want to taste the adventure. These are all high altitude treks. Challenging treks demand absolute fitness and mental stamina. Sometimes, you may take help of technical tools to climb the mountain. So you may require some basic knowledge about trekking gears. These treks continue 1 to 2 weeks. Sometimes they are elongated to a month almost. Before a challenging trek, you have to take extensive physical preparation for the same. Challenging treks more than 5000-meter altitude may sometimes have a chance of life risks. So you have to be aware of the pros and cons of high altitude treks and risks involved in it. You need to have an excellent physical condition, and mountaineering experience is must for the challenging treks.
Why people trek?
For mountain-lovers, trekking is the magic word. Trekking is considered an adventure sports. Many people consider trekking as a hobby, some take them like sports, and some believe it as a fitness challenge. It is a journey not to conquer a mountain. It is a path to seek your soul into nature. It is a way to get connected with nature, comfort your mind from the conundrum of city life and explore the limit of your endurance. People, who love photography, consider trekking as the heaven of collecting memories. It’s more than a vacation. It’s the journey to challenge your limits and enjoy breaking the bar of your inner-self for bigger achievements.
Hiking vs. Trekking
Sometimes people are confused to make a difference between hiking vs trekking.
Hiking is a single day activity and comparatively on natural terrain. Hiking is an activity of walking, and as it is an activity for one or two days, it does not ask for much more preparation. It is a walking activity – may include on the mountain or alpine trail or may be beside the river bed.
On the contrary, trekking is a multi-day affair, and naturally, it demands more planning for backing and physical preparation. Trekking requires substantial infrastructure like food back up, homestay or tent for night stay. Sometimes, few particular types of equipment are also required to climb on the steep terrain. As you may have to gain high altitude till 6000 meters in trekking with several days activity, you have to be physically and mentally strong enough.
How to prepare for a trek?
You are searching on ‘how to prepare for a trek? Let ’s assume that you are determined to for a trek. In that case two things, you need to be aware of – first the preparation for your fitness and secondly, the preparation for the backpacking. Your fitness plays the cardinal role whether you will be successful to complete the trek. Many of the first time trekkers have the misconception about trekking. They underestimate the walking on an ascent terrain. Without practicing cardio activity, they join in the trekking group. It ruins their trip and the group members as well. Your fitness also determines the performance of your group as well. So consider this as most important to prepare physically before the trek. Let’s understand that how to prepare for a trek.
Preparation for trekking varies on the difficulty of the trail. Everest base camp trek training is, of course, exhaustive rather than the Valley of Flowers trek. As per the trek difficulty level, you have to prepare your fitness. Here I mention the must do trekking training tips.
- Start long distance walking
- Work on the cardio exercise
- Don’t miss the stairs whenever you have your chance
- Ensure that you are walking in a proper posture
- Mix your training terrain if possible
- Practice walking in all weather
- Use hiking pole to save your knee
- Train with the backpack with little weight
- Stay hydrated
- Invest in a good pair of running shoes
The next preparation comes on how to backpack for trekking. It is also important to know because if you take more, you have to carry heavier sack throughout the trek. On the other hand, if you miss the necessary item, you regret in the midst of your trek. Let’s make a list of what to take and how to backpack for trekking.
- Trekking shoe
- Trekking trousers
- Socks and underwear
- Woolen caps
- Trekking pole
These are the basic list of trekking gears. But as per the type of trek or the weather condition, you may have to add few more in the list.
What are the risks involved in trekking?
Though trekking is a fun activity, still there are the risks in trekking. To avoid any unexpected circumstances, it is better to be aware of them.
Sliding or falling
Though it sounds stupid, if you have a fear of heights or a wrong step can cause you a severe injury. Sometimes the boulders on the terrain are very slippery because of the rain or snow. You have to be very careful with your shoe grip. You have to select the best waterproof hiking boots for trekking. Mountain hiking boots have a good grip and water-repellent coating. These mountain hiking shoes are good enough to ensure your safety.
It is one of the most common issues among the trekkers. Though it is a long time tiresome activity, the body requires more fluids. But sometimes, due to the lack of water resources or absent-mindedness of the trekkers, they take less water as per body requirements. So you may experience yellow pee, or your muscle may cramp due to the lack of fluids.
As you have to walk long under the sun, you may be affected with sun-strokes. Always use head-protection caps or hats to save from direct sunlight for a more extended period.
While you are walking on the snow in the trek, always it is advisable to wear sunglasses. The reflection from the Sun on snow is too bright, and it damages your eyes. People suffer temporary blindness, and that can lead to permanent blindness. In the higher altitude, the Sunlight is more scorching and penetrates deeply. So it is always advisable to wear shades in the daytime trek.
Wild animals rarely attack, but still, you have to stay alert from any unpleasant experience. The Jaguars or the leopards sometimes roam in the alpine forest. But if you stay in the group, they don’t attack in general. Still, you have to be careful of the shoes or sleeping bags before going into. Snakes, scorpion or other insect prefer warm places.
Altitude mountain sickness is one of the major challenges for the trekkers at high altitude treks. When you are gaining heights more than 10,000 feet, for the lack of body acclimatization, you may suffer altitude mountain sickness due to the lack of oxygen. As per the thumb rule, trekkers generally gain 1000 to 1500 feet height in a day. That helps your body to cope with the atmosphere. If your body is attacked by altitude mountain sickness, there is no alternative to bring you at the lower altitude. The signs of altitude mountain sickness are a headache, nausea, low appetite, etc. Drink plenty of water and no alcohol at all in the trek.
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